Maestros

Publicado

Noviembre 17 2011 a Enero 20 2012

Boletín de prensa

Durante el Siglo XX el arte colombiano se abre en las más variadas direcciones, combinando libremente tendencias, gustos e inclinaciones de tal manera que se evidencia la pluralidad en la actividad creativa. Obras costumbristas, paisajes y bodegones fueron los protagonistas por excelencia durante varias décadas; desde allí, y con el apoyo y guía de los maestros de las escuelas que en alguna época de su vida habían tenido acceso directo a las tendencias y vanguardias occidentales de principio de siglo, la plástica colombiana fue adquiriendo cada vez más autonomía, consistencia y vigor.

Los principios reguladores de las llamadas vanguardias artísticas del siglo XX, como el impresionismo, la abstracción geométrica y expresionista, el pop, el surrealismo, el hiperrealismo, el expresionismo y la figuración se adaptaron a nuestra cultura y a nuestras necesidades de experimentación dando como resultado una multiplicidad de propuestas que en la mayoría de los casos gozaron de gran reconocimiento, tanto en el ámbito nacional como en el internacional.

Con esta exposición, que se ha convertido en una constante en la programación anual de la Galería El Museo, queremos homenajear a los más importantes artistas del Siglo XX . Estos maestros, que en su momento se constituyeron en los principales representantes de los procesos plásticos de su época, hoy en día son punto de referencia obligado para las generaciones de artistas actuales. Su talento ha marcado la historia del arte nacional y ellos han sido determinantes en el desarrollo de la plástica contemporánea en Colombia. Para este año la Galería El Museo ha seleccionado obras representativas de algunos artistas colombianos que a través de los años consolidaron una importante trayectoria en el contexto plástico nacional e internacional. La exposición cuenta con obras de maestros como Guillermo Wiedemann, Noé León, Luciano Jaramillo, Alejandro Obregón, Carlos Rojas, Enrique Grau, Juan Antonio Roda, Eduardo Ramírez Villamizar, Débora Arango, Jim Amaral, Fernando Botero, David Manzur, Ana Mercedes Hoyos, Hugo Zapata, Feliza Bursztyn, Edgar Negret, Santiago Cárdenas y Álvaro Barrios, entre otros.

La exposición “Maestros” estará abierta al público hasta el 20 de Enero de 2012 en la Galería El Museo, Carrera 11 No. 93 A- 43, de lunes a viernes, de 10:00 a.m a 7:00 p.m y los sábados de 2:00 p.m a 7:00 p.m en jornada continua.

Press release - English

The exhibition of Masters of Twentieth Century presents a journey through the history of Colombia’s modern art. The exhibition covers some of the first academic practices such as landscape painting which reached its peak with what was called the Escuela de la Sabana, a group of painters who were devoted to painting the countryside landscapes outside the city of Bogota. Over the years, these works became increasingly important, until the advent of Modernist artistic languages which started to be consolidated as their own.

In contrast to what happened in Europe, in Colombia Modernism was asynchronous. In Europe, it was a progressive chain of events with causes and consequences which took place relatively over a long period of time, however, in Colombia it manifested itself -in its exhibition formats, its viewers and its art critics and academics- pretty much at the same time.

1886 is a crucial year for art history in Colombia, this is when the first National School of Fine Arts opens and the first Annual Art Exhibition. This brought the first instances of a more legitimate and professionalized artistic field. On the other hand, this period gave birth to criticism and with it came a public ready to enjoy and recognize higher forms of art.

During the Thousand Days War the School of Fine Arts was closed. This is the time when The School of La Sabana was born.Its artists would be the first to receive income for their work. Artists like Borrero, Zamora, Gomez Campuzano and Ariza, among others were part of this School.

During the 1920s, no artist is able to break radically with what was being done, so they returned to a neo-mannerism that tended to idealize the local. In this same period, there is a group of artists known as the Americanists, they had a strong Mexican muralists influence and they asserted the local and rejected the foreign. This group displays a modernist attitude, but not a modern visual artistic language. They are based on the figurative as a way of questioning what was happening in Europe. In this part of the world, art did not operate under the idea of progress, therefore it did not make sense to emulate what was happening in the hegemonic centers.

The period between 1946 to 1949, is a transitional period and it also symbolizes the start of modern art in Colombia. This is the time of the rise of well renowned artists such as Obregon, Grau, Ramírez Villamizar and Wiedemann, among others.With the advent of the Cold War, artists begin questioning the meaning of radical nationalism, they decide to approach the international sphere which is more valid outside, but they were not looking to copy what was already there, they were looking to explore the outside and to propose alternatives from within.

It is during this time and in opposition to what was being taught at the School of Fine Arts that a group of artists got together to depose Miguel Diaz Vargas from the director’s office of this institution and instead they named Alejandro Obregon as the new director. Obregon was then responsible for organizing the «Hall of the XXVI» which becomes the first space that shows a clear anti-academic profile. This is where painting is finally consolidated as an autonomous art expression.

The current exhibition is structured chronologically, starting with landscapes of the early twentieth century, passing through abstraction and geometry seen in artists like Ramírez Villamizar, Edgar Negret, Roda and Hernandez, ending with the realism and figuration in the works of some artists among them Caballero, Botero, Morales and Ana Mercedes Hoyos.

With this exhibition we close the gallery’s annual program with which we honour the most important Colombian artists of the twentieth century and some foreign artists who were also part of the artistic processes of the time. Today, they are a reference point for the development of new contemporary practices.